Etudes scientifiques

 

Le Qi Gong Médical, au côté de la médecine chinoise fait ses preuves depuis près de 2500 ans en Chine. Pratiquer par la majorité de la population, il fût garant de leur santé et longévité.


Arrivé en Europe dans les années 70, de nombreuses études occidentales ont vu le jour, en voici quelques unes référencées par PubMed, site de référence en matière de publication scientifique.

 


1. Ades, P. A. and G. Wu (2004). "Benefits of tai chi in chronic heart failure: body or mind?" Am J Med 117(8): 611-2.


2. Adler, P. A. and B. L. Roberts (2006). "The use of Tai Chi to improve health in older adults." Orthop Nurs 25(2): 122-6.


3. Agishi, T. (1998). "Effects of the external qigong on symptoms of arteriosclerotic obstruction in the lower extremities evaluated by modern medical technology." Artif Organs 22(8): 707-10.


4. Astin, J. A., B. M. Berman, et al. (2003). "The efficacy of mindfulness meditation plus Qigong movement therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial." J Rheumatol 30(10): 2257-62.


5. Audette, J. F., Y. S. Jin, et al. (2006). "Tai Chi versus brisk walking in elderly women." Age Ageing 35(4): 388-93.


6. Barrow, D. E., A. Bedford, et al. (2007). "An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Chi Kung training in patients with symptomatic heart failure: a randomised controlled pilot study." Postgrad Med J 83(985): 717-21.


7. Bayat-Movahed, S., Y. Shayesteh, et al. (2008). "Effects of Qigong exercises on 3 different parameters of human saliva." Chin J Integr Med 14(4): 262-6.

8. Blake, H. and M. Batson (2009). "Exercise intervention in brain injury: a pilot randomized study of Tai Chi Qigong." Clin Rehabil.

9. Brismee, J. M., R. L. Paige, et al. (2007). "Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial." Clin Rehabil 21(2): 99-111.

10. Burini, D., B. Farabollini, et al. (2006). "A randomised controlled cross-over trial of aerobic training versus Qigong in advanced Parkinson's disease." Eura Medicophys 42(3): 231-8.

11. Caldwell, K., M. Harrison, et al. (2009). "Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students." J Bodyw Mov Ther 13(2): 155-63.

12. Chan, D. W. (1987). "Introducing the Chinese hexiangzhuang (flying crane) qigong therapy." Int J Psychosom 34(4): 28-34.

13. Chan, K., L. Qin, et al. (2004). "A randomized, prospective study of the effects of Tai Chi Chun exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85(5): 717-22.

14. Chan, S. P., T. C. Luk, et al. (2003). "Kinematic and electromyographic analysis of the push movement in tai chi." Br J Sports Med 37(4): 339-44.

15. Chang, Y. F., Y. H. Yang, et al. (2008). "Tai Chi Chuan training improves the pulmonary function of asthmatic children." J Microbiol Immunol Infect 41(1): 88-95.

16. Chau, K. W. and D. W. Mao (2006). "The characteristics of foot movements in Tai Chi Chuan." Res Sports Med 14(1): 19-28.

17. Chen, H. H., M. L. Yeh, et al. (2006). "The effects of baduanjin qigong in the prevention of bone loss for middle-aged women." Am J Chin Med 34(5): 741-7.

18. Chen, K., B. He, et al. (2003). "A pilot trial of external Qigong therapy for arthritis." J Clin Rheumatol 9(5): 332-5.

19. Chen, K. and R. Yeung (2002). "Exploratory studies of Qigong therapy for cancer in China." Integr Cancer Ther 1(4): 345-70.

20. Chen, K. M., W. T. Chen, et al. (2006). "Development of the simplified Tai Chi exercise program (STEP) for frail older adults." Complement Ther Med 14(3): 200-6.

21. Chen, K. M., W. T. Chen, et al. (2005). "Frail elders' views of Tai Chi." J Nurs Res 13(1): 11-20.

22. Chen, K. M., Y. C. Hsu, et al. (2007). "Well-being of institutionalized elders after Yang-style Tai Chi practice." J Clin Nurs 16(5): 845-52.

23. Chen, K. M., C. H. Li, et al. (2007). "A feasible method to enhance and maintain the health of elderly living in long-term care facilities through long-term, simplified tai chi exercises." J Nurs Res 15(2): 156-64.

24. Chen, K. M., M. Snyder, et al. (2001). "Clinical use of tai chi in elderly populations." Geriatr Nurs 22(4): 198-200.

25. Chen, K. W., A. L. Hassett, et al. (2006). "A pilot study of external qigong therapy for patients with fibromyalgia." J Altern Complement Med 12(9): 851-6.

26. Chen, K. W. and J. J. Marbach (2002). "External qigong therapy for chronic orofacial pain." J Altern Complement Med 8(5): 532-4.

27. Chen, K. W., A. Perlman, et al. (2008). "Effects of external qigong therapy on osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomized controlled trial." Clin Rheumatol 27(12): 1497-505.

28. Chen, K. W., S. C. Shiflett, et al. (2002). "A preliminary study of the effect of external qigong on lymphoma growth in mice." J Altern Complement Med 8(5): 615-21.

29. Chen, K. W. and F. D. Turner (2004). "A case study of simultaneous recovery from multiple physical symptoms with medical qigong therapy." J Altern Complement Med 10(1): 159-62.

30. Chen, Y. Y., J. Chiang, et al. (2008). "Cycling and Tai Chi Chuan exercises exert greater immunomodulatory effect on surface antigen expression of human hepatitis B virus." Chin Med J (Engl) 121(21): 2172-9.

31. Cheng, T. O. (2006). "Chi in Tai Chi does not mean energy." Int J Cardiol 107(1): 119.

32. Cheng, T. O. (2006). "Tai Chi for chronic heart failure." Int J Cardiol 110(1): 96.

33. Cheng, T. O. (2007). "Effect of Tai Chi on endothelial function." Clin Cardiol 30(3): 150.

34. Cheng, T. O. (2007). "Tai Chi: the Chinese ancient wisdom of an ideal exercise for cardiac patients." Int J Cardiol 117(3): 293-5.

35. Cheung, B. M., J. L. Lo, et al. (2005). "Randomised controlled trial of qigong in the treatment of mild essential hypertension." J Hum Hypertens 19(9): 697-704.

36. Cheung, S. Y., E. Tsai, et al. (2007). "Physical benefits of Tai Chi Chuan for individuals with lower-limb disabilities." Occup Ther Int 14(1): 1-10.

37. Cho, K. L. (2008). "Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with major depression: the role of social support." Med Sport Sci 52: 146-54.

38. Choi, J. H., J. S. Moon, et al. (2005). "Effects of Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on physical fitness and fall prevention in fall-prone older adults." J Adv Nurs 51(2): 150-7.

39. Chou, K. L., P. W. Lee, et al. (2004). "Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depressive disorders: a randomized clinical trial." Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 19(11): 1105-7.

40. Chow, Y. W. and H. W. Tsang (2007). "Biopsychosocial effects of qigong as a mindful exercise for people with anxiety disorders: a speculative review." J Altern Complement Med 13(8): 831-9.

41. Christou, E. A., Y. Yang, et al. (2003). "Taiji training improves knee extensor strength and force control in older adults." J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58(8): 763-6.

42. Chu, D. A. (2004). "Tai Chi, Qi Gong and Reiki." Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 15(4): 773-81, vi.

43. Cohen, K. (2003). "Ken Cohen, MA, MSTh. Healing through ancient traditions: Qigong and Native American medicine. Interview by Bonnie Horrigan." Altern Ther Health Med 9(3): 82-91.

44. Craske, N. J., W. Turner, et al. (2008). "Qigong Ameliorates Symptoms of Chronic Fatigue: A Pilot Uncontrolled Study." Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.

45. Dorcas, A. and P. Yung (2003). "Qigong: harmonising the breath, the body and the mind." Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 9(4): 198-202.

46. Eliopoulos, C. (2001). "Integrative care--health benefits of Tai Chi." Director 9(4): 138-9.

47. Ernst, E. (2002). "Research ethics questioned in Qigong study." Altern Ther Health Med 8(4): 18; author reply 18.

48. Esch, T., J. Duckstein, et al. (2007). "Mind/body techniques for physiological and psychological stress reduction: stress management via Tai Chi training - a pilot study." Med Sci Monit 13(11): CR488-497.

49. Feng, Y. Z. (1989). "[Short-term curative effects of daoyin-tuna qigong therapy in 103 cases of chronic atrophic gastritis]." Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 9(12): 728-30, 709.

50. Fong, S. M. and G. Y. Ng (2006). "The effects on sensorimotor performance and balance with Tai Chi training." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87(1): 82-7.

51. Fransen, M., L. Nairn, et al. (2007). "Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai Chi classes." Arthritis Rheum 57(3): 407-14.

52. Gass, R. (2003). "Tai Chi Chuan and bone loss in postmenopausal women." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84(4): 621; author reply 621-3.

53. Gatts, S. (2008). "Neural mechanisms underlying balance control in Tai Chi." Med Sport Sci 52: 87-103.

54. Gatts, S. K. and M. H. Woollacott (2006). "Neural mechanisms underlying balance improvement with short term Tai Chi training." Aging Clin Exp Res 18(1): 7-19.

55. Gatts, S. K. and M. H. Woollacott (2007). "How Tai Chi improves balance: biomechanics of recovery to a walking slip in impaired seniors." Gait Posture 25(2): 205-14.

56. Gemmell, C. and J. M. Leathem (2006). "A study investigating the effects of Tai Chi Chuan: individuals with traumatic brain injury compared to controls." Brain Inj 20(2): 151-6.

57. Goon, J. A., A. H. Aini, et al. (2009). "Effect of Tai Chi exercise on DNA damage, antioxidant enzymes, and oxidative stress in middle-age adults." J Phys Act Health 6(1): 43-54.

58. Gorman, C. (2002). "Why Tai Chi is the perfect exercise." Time 160(6): 68.

59. Greenspan, A. I., S. L. Wolf, et al. (2007). "Tai chi and perceived health status in older adults who are transitionally frail: a randomized controlled trial." Phys Ther 87(5): 525-35.

60. Griffith, J. M., J. P. Hasley, et al. (2008). "Qigong stress reduction in hospital staff." J Altern Complement Med 14(8): 939-45.

61. Grodin, M. A., L. Piwowarczyk, et al. (2008). "Treating survivors of torture and refugee trauma: a preliminary case series using qigong and t'ai chi." J Altern Complement Med 14(7): 801-6.

62. Guo, H. Z., S. X. Zhang, et al. (1991). "The characteristics and theoretical basis of the Qigong maneuver." Aviat Space Environ Med 62(11): 1059-62.

63. Guo, X., B. Zhou, et al. (2008). "Clinical effect of qigong practice on essential hypertension: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials." J Altern Complement Med 14(1): 27-37.

64. Haak, T. and B. Scott (2008). "The effect of Qigong on fibromyalgia (FMS): a controlled randomized study." Disabil Rehabil 30(8): 625-33.

65. Hackney, M. E. and G. M. Earhart (2008). "Tai Chi improves balance and mobility in people with Parkinson disease." Gait Posture 28(3): 456-60.

66. Hall, C. D., T. Miszko, et al. (2009). "Effects of Tai Chi intervention on dual-task ability in older adults: a pilot study." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90(3): 525-9.

67. Han, A., V. Robinson, et al. (2004). "Tai chi for treating rheumatoid arthritis." Cochrane Database Syst Rev(3): CD004849.

68. Hankey, A. and S. McCrum (2006). "Qigong: life energy and a new science of life." J Altern Complement Med 12(9): 841-2.

69. Harmer, P. A. and F. Li (2008). "Tai Chi and falls prevention in older people." Med Sport Sci 52: 124-34.

70. Hart, J., H. Kanner, et al. (2004). "Tai Chi Chuan practice in community-dwelling persons after stroke." Int J Rehabil Res 27(4): 303-4.

71. Hass, C. J., R. J. Gregor, et al. (2004). "The influence of Tai Chi training on the center of pressure trajectory during gait initiation in older adults." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85(10): 1593-8.

72. Hollembeak, D. B. (2002). "Qigong no panacea." Altern Ther Health Med 8(3): 19-20.

73. Hong, Y. (2008). "Preface. The first collection of scientific studies on Tai Chi Chuan." Med Sport Sci 52: VIII-X.

74. Hong, Y. and J. X. Li (2007). "Biomechanics of Tai Chi: a review." Sports Biomech 6(3): 453-64.

75. Hong, Y., W. Mao de, et al. (2008). "Temporal characteristics of foot movement in Tai Chi exercise." Med Sport Sci 52: 1-11.

76. Hsu, Y. C. and K. M. Chen (2005). "Challenges of doing intervention research with the elderly taiwanese population: example of a tai chi/movement therapy." Geriatr Nurs 26(6): 358-65.

77. Hui, E. S., J. O. Cheng, et al. (2008). "Benefits of Tai Chi in palliative care for advanced cancer patients." Palliat Med 22(1): 93-4.

78. Hui, P. N., M. Wan, et al. (2006). "An evaluation of two behavioral rehabilitation programs, qigong versus progressive relaxation, in improving the quality of life in cardiac patients." J Altern Complement Med 12(4): 373-8.

79. Humphrey, R. (2003). "Tai chi in cardiac rehabilitation." J Cardiopulm Rehabil 23(2): 97-9.

80. Hung, H. M. and K. M. Chen (2009). "[Scientific and holistic therapy perspectives on Qigong practice for elders with cardiovascular disease risk factors]." Hu Li Za Zhi 56(1): 73-8.

81. Irwin, M. R., R. Olmstead, et al. (2008). "Improving sleep quality in older adults with moderate sleep complaints: A randomized controlled trial of Tai Chi Chih." Sleep 31(7): 1001-8.

82. Irwin, M. R., R. Olmstead, et al. (2007). "Augmenting immune responses to varicella zoster virus in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi." J Am Geriatr Soc 55(4): 511-7.

83. Irwin, M. R., J. L. Pike, et al. (2003). "Effects of a behavioral intervention, Tai Chi Chih, on varicella-zoster virus specific immunity and health functioning in older adults." Psychosom Med 65(5): 824-30.

84. Ismail, K. and H. W. Tsang (2003). "Qigong and suicide prevention." Br J Psychiatry 182: 266-7.

85. Iwao, M., S. Kajiyama, et al. (1999). "Effects of qigong walking on diabetic patients: a pilot study." J Altern Complement Med 5(4): 353-8.

86. Jang, H. S. and M. S. Lee (2004). "Effects of qi therapy (external qigong ) on premenstrual syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled study." J Altern Complement Med 10(3): 456-62.

87. Jin, K. Q. (1992). "[Effect of qigong on electrocardiographic autopower spectrum function]." Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 12(7): 412-3, 389.

88. Johansson, M. and P. Hassmen (2008). "Acute psychological responses to Qigong exercise of varying durations." Am J Chin Med 36(3): 449-58.

89. Jones, A. Y., E. Dean, et al. (2005). "Effectiveness of a community-based Tai Chi program and implications for public health initiatives." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86(4): 619-25.

90. Jones, B. M. (2001). "Changes in cytokine production in healthy subjects practicing Guolin Qigong : a pilot study." BMC Complement Altern Med 1: 8.

91. Jouper, J. and P. Hassmen (2008). "Intrinsically motivated qigong exercisers are more concentrated and less stressful." Am J Chin Med 36(6): 1051-60.

92. Jouper, J. and P. Hassmen (2009). "Exercise intention, age and stress predict increased qigong exercise adherence." J Bodyw Mov Ther 13(2): 205-11.

93. Jouper, J., P. Hassmen, et al. (2006). "Qigong exercise with concentration predicts increased health." Am J Chin Med 34(6): 949-57.

94. Jung, M. J., B. C. Shin, et al. (2006). "Is there any difference in the effects of Qi therapy (external Qigong) with and without touching? A pilot study." Int J Neurosci 116(9): 1055-64.

95. Katz, A. R. (2008). "Reduced falls in the elderly: tai chi or placebo or Hawthorne effect?" J Am Geriatr Soc 56(4): 776-7; author reply 777.

96. Kemp, C. A. (2004). "Qigong as a therapeutic intervention with older adults." J Holist Nurs 22(4): 351-73.

97. Kerr, C. (2002). "Translating "mind-in-body": two models of patient experience underlying a randomized controlled trial of qigong." Cult Med Psychiatry 26(4): 419-47.

98. Kerr, C. E., J. R. Shaw, et al. (2008). "Tactile acuity in experienced Tai Chi practitioners: evidence for use dependent plasticity as an effect of sensory-attentional training." Exp Brain Res 188(2): 317-22.

99. Kin, S., K. Toba, et al. (2007). "[Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older people practicing Tai Chi--comparison of the HRQOL with the national standards for age-matched controls]." Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 44(3): 339-44.

100. Kjos, V. and J. L. Etnier (2006). "Pilot study comparing physical and psychological responses in medical qigong and walking." J Aging Phys Act 14(3): 241-53.

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